The black elderberry (Sambucus nigra), also known as Holder bush or elder, in northern Germany is often referred to as the lilac, is a shrub of the genus Elder (Sambucus).
The black elderberry is one of the most common shrub species in central Europe. Its flowers and fruits are extensively used for drug, food and dye.
The elderberry is a potent up to 11 meters tall shrub or small tree branch. The branches of the elder are often arched generous. The bark is gray-brown color and covered with lenticels, which are brighter than the eye surveys. These surveys are filled with white, almost foam-Mark. The thicker the trunk and branches have a längsgefurchte gray-brown, corky bark. The elder is a shallow roots with extensive root system.
The antithetic leaves are pinnate. The individual leaflets are about 30 inches long and usually consist of five or seven individual leaves that are elliptical and serrated edge. The individual blades are each about 12 centimeters long to. The foliage develops around March to April.
appear from May until July on the young wood up to 30 cm wide, flat Schirmrispen of many individual flowers. Their fresh, fruity fragrance is distinctive and typical of the elder. The white or slightly yellow flowers are five parts in the rule. They have accordingly five sepals, five petals adherent to each other, five free stamens with yellow anthers and three fused carpels that form later in the fruit of three cores. A smaller number of flowers is also m tall. (By the way you break it up a leaf between your fingers, it smells even slightly to the flowers, elderberry may also be detected easily if he does not produce flowers or fruit.) The flowers are visited by flies and Hymenoptera.
During August and September start at the beginning of red, later black vitamin C and potassium-rich, about six-millimeter "berries" (actually stone fruits) devices (known as "elder berry") to mature, with three seeds, and burgundy juice, which is hardly washed out of textiles. While these fruits ripen, to dye the stems, where they sit, reddish. The berries are edible after cooking or fermentation. The fruits are mainly spread by birds (eg blackbirds, thrushes, starlings and blackcaps), but also mammals and humans contribute to the spread.
See Also: sending flowers, online florist