Encephalartos is a genus of cicada native to Africa. Some species are commonly called Palmas Kaffir bread or bread as a sort of bread can be prepared with the center of its stem. All species of the genus are threatened
The name derives from the Greek words en (in), kephali (head) and artos (bread), referring to the use of your bone to prepare food. It was named by German botanist Johann Georg Christian Lehmann in 1834.
Distribution and habitat
Its species are distributed through Africa, mainly in South Africa, northern Angola and southern Zaire in the Kwango River region.
The majority of species are endangered or threatened species and a few, as Encephalartos wodii, are extinct in natural resources, being only grown.