Senin, 14 Juni 2010

Mammee apple

Mammea americana, commonly known as Mammee, mammee apple, Mamey, mamey apple, Santo Domingo apricot or South American apricot, is an evergreen tree of the family Clusiaceae, whose fruit is edible. The species is a close relative of the mangosteen.

Mammea americana is often confused with the Mamey sapote tree (Pouteria sapota), whose fruit is also called mammee or mamey.



The mammee tree is 18–21 m high and is similar in appearance to the southern magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora). Its trunk is short and reaches 1.9-1.2 m in diameter. The tree's upright branches form an oval head. Its dark-green foliage is quite dense, with opposite, leathery, elliptic leaves. The leaf can reach 10 cm wide and twice as long.

The mammee flower is fragrant, has 4 or 6 white petals, reaches 2.5–4 cm wide when fully blossomed. The flowers are borne either singly, or in clusters of 2 or 3 on short stalks. There can be in one flower pistils, stamens or both, so there can be male, female or hermaphrodite flowers on one tree or separately.


The mammee apple is a berry, though it is often misinterpreted to be a drupe. It is round or slightly irregular, with a brown or grey-brown 3-mm thick rind. In fact, the rind consists of the exocarp and mesocarp of the fruit while the pulp is formed from the endocarp. The stem is thick, short. The mammee apple has more or less visible floral remnant at the apex.

Mammee apples' diameter ranges from 10 to 20 cm. When unripe, the fruit is hard and heavy, but its flesh slightly softens when fully ripe. Beneath the skin, there is a white, dry membrane, whose taste is astringent, that adheres to the flesh. The flesh is orange or yellow, not fibrous, and can have various textures (crispy or juicy, firm or tender). Generally the flesh smell is pleasant and appetizing.

Small fruits contain a single seed, while larger ones might have up to four. The seeds are brown, rough, oval and around 6 cm long. The juice of the seed leaves an indelible stain.


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