Kamis, 01 Juli 2010

The Biennial Plant

The Pferdeeppich, even ghost-yellow umbel or Alisander (smyrnium olusatrum) is a plant of the carrot family (Apiaceae).

Features

The Pferdeeppich grows as a biennial plant height and reach 50-150 cm, rarely up to 180 cm. The main root is thickened and reaches 50-60 cm in depth, running thinner lateral roots just below the surface.

The leaves are triple triadic pinnate, dark green and hairless. The stipules are extended to unusually large leaf sheaths. The individual leaflets are cut wide and notched.

The doldigen inflorescences bear both male and hermaphrodite flowers in a ratio of about 4:1. The greenish-yellow to yellow-colored flowers have a diameter of 1.5 mm. The spherical black fruit and has a diameter of 7-8 mm.

Occurrence

The Pferdeeppich grows in bushes and weeds near the coast. This species is probably originally from the Mediterranean, is found also along the European Atlantic coast to Denmark, as well as in the British Isles, probably due to the use and dissemination by man.

Use

The Pferdeeppich is grown in southern Europe, North Africa and the Canary Islands as a crop. The roots, leaves and young shoots can be used as a salad or vegetables.

In the Middle Ages Pferdeeppich was also used in central Europe, he is mentioned among others in Capitulare de vel curtis imperii villis.


Source: http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pferdeeppich


See Also: International Flower Delivery, Florist



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