Stanhopea is a genus of about 55 species of epiphytic orchids and some terrestrial habits, growing from Mexico to northern Argentina.
Stanhopea species ovoid pseudobulbs carrying green on the top sheet beaked, long-elliptical.
Complex are recognized for their flowers, usually fragrant, usually spectacular and short-lived. Their inflorescences are seen hanging out of the basket that contains them (when they are grown), so they put in baskets that have enough slots to allow the passage of the head.
Most Stanhopea flowers are elegant flowers with a prominent horn, except S. annulata, S. avicula, S. cirrhata, S. S. ecornuta pulla. A few have only a short horn: S. candida, S. grandiflora, S. reichenbachiana, S. tricornis and the hybrid S. x herrenhusana. These exceptions are called "primitive species of Stanhopea.
Stanhopea species wardii trick teaches in insects. By the essences generated in the hipochilo, attracts male bees euglossine (also called the orchid bees or long-tongued bees). When the bee pressing down on the flower, an intoxicating chemical agent causes the bee to fade and the slippery slide to the inside lip of the flower.
The bee is touching the walls of the long column in this process, resulting in the bee crawls pollinia. When you leave the flower, pollinia that had adhered to other flowers previously visited are deposited on the stigma. Most species are hardy plants that grow rapidly in culture.
This small epiphytic orchid found in edges of rivers and in the deep shade of rain forest with rocky substrates.