The Day of Portugal, Camões and the Portuguese Communities, celebrated on June 10th is the day that marks the death of Luis Vaz de Camoes in 1580, and also a national holiday in Portugal.
During the dictatorship of the Estado Novo of 1933 until the Carnation Revolution of April 25, 1974, was celebrated as the Day of Race: Race Portuguese or Portuguese.
Following the legislative work after the Proclamation of the Portuguese Republic on 5 October 1910, a decree was issued on 12 October stating the national holidays. Some holidays were eliminated, particularly the religious, in order to reduce the influence of the Catholic Church and secularize society.
In this decree were recording the Holidays January 1, Day of the Universal Brotherhood, January 31, which evoked the failed revolution of Oporto, and so has been devoted to the martyrs of the Republic, October 5, Day of the heroes of the Republic, December 1 The Day of Autonomy (Independence Day) and Flag Day, and December 25, which was considered as the Family Day, also trying to secularize the religious festival of Christmas.
The decree of June 12 gave the possibility of municipalities and counties to choose a day of the year to represent their traditional festivals and local. Lisbon chosen for the municipal holiday June 10 in honor of Camões, once the date is indicated as being the death of the poet who wrote The Lusiads.
Day of Camoes
Luís de Camões represented the genius of the nation in their most splendid, meaning that Republicans attributed the June 10, although in the early years of the republic to be an exclusively municipal holiday. With the June 10, Republicans Lisbon tried to evoke the glory of the celebrations Camões 1880, one of the first signs of the masses in full republican monarchy.
Race Day and Day of the Communities
The June 10 began to be particularly elated with the New State, the regime established in Portugal in 1933 under the direction of Antonio de Oliveira Salazar. It was from this time that the day of Camões became celebrated nationally. The generalization of these celebrations was due rather to the coverage of the media .
During the Estado Novo, the June 10 remained the Day of Camões. The scheme has taken on certain heroes of the republic lay not in the sense that Republicans wanted, but in a nationalistic sense of celebration and collective history and propaganda.
Until April 25, 1974, to June 10 was known as the Day of Camoes, Portugal and Race, the latter epithet created by Salazar in the inauguration of the Estádio Nacional in 1944. Since 1963, June 10 became a tribute to the Portuguese Armed Forces, a glorification of war and colonial power. With a different philosophy, the Third Republic converted it on the Day of Portugal, Camões and the Portuguese Communities in 1978.
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